Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Katihar
Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur


Katihar



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Item

Information

1

Major Farming system/enterprise

1.         Paddy-Wheat based farming system

2.         Paddy-Maize based farming system

3.         Paddy- Mustard- Boro paddy based farming

            system

4.         Fish Culture

5.         Bamboo Production & Processing

6.         Mushroom Production

7.         Makhana Cultivation and primary processing

8.         Poultry production

9.         Vermi Compost production

2

Agro-climatic Zone

Zone-II (North – East Alluvial Plain)High Temperature, High Humidity, Sandy to clay soil, Flood Prone  area

3

Agro ecological situation

Up land sandy soil-Suitable for maize, wheat, Banana,                                                                vegetables & fruits

Medium Sandy loam soil- Wheat, Maize, Jute, Rice, Oil seeds & pulses & vegetable & fruits cultivation

Low lying clay soil-with flood & water lodging condition Suitable for Boro paddy, Makhana& paira cropping

Diara land of Kosi, Ganga and Mahananda with sandy . loamy soil -suitable for Rabi Maize, wheat, oil seeds pulses & cucurbitaceous vegetable flooded during Kharif Season

4

Soil type

Up land sandy soil- Suitable for vegetables wheat, maize, Banana

Medium Loamy Soil-Well drained rich in organic carbon suited for wheat, Maize, oil seeds and pulses & vegetables

Low lying clay soils-Suitable for Makhana, Boro paddy & fishery etc

New alluvial diara land soil-Deposition of clay soil year after year good for Rabi crops.

 

 

 

 

 

5

Productivity of major 2-3 crops under cereals, pulses, oilseeds, vegetables, fruits and others

Name of Crops

Productivity(q/ha)

Rice

41

Maize

72

Wheat

33

Pigeonpea

13

Mustard

12

Pulses (others) (lentil)

12

Potato

16.36

Okra

12.79

Jute (Fibre)

22

Cauliflower

16.69

Brinjal

20.80

Banana

48.00

Tomato

19.79

Cabbage

16.90

Chili

11.60

Mango

7.90

Guava

8.00

Lichi

7.58

Onion

19.86

Merigold

8.0

6

Mean yearly temperature, rainfall, humidity of the district

Month

Temperature  (0C)

Rainfall (mm)

Max

Min

April,2015

34.76

21.50

09

May,2015

39.09

25.83

04

June,2015

38.06

27.4

68

July,2015

33.87

27.03

293

August,2015

33.67

25.77

286

Sept,2015

35.10

25.60

28

Oct,2015

33.90

21.87

04

Nov,2015

30.53

17.33

00

Dec,2015

24.03

11.77

00

Jan, 2016

23.19

9.87

03

Feb, 2016

28.75

14.17

00

March, 2016

34.35

18.90

05

Mean Yearly

32.44

20.50

58.33

Source: www.Accuweather.com

7

Production of major livestock products like milk, egg, meat etc.

Name of  livestock

Total(No of Cattle)

Cow

399287

Buffaloes

70734

Goat

445861

Sheep

6700

Poultry

1122122

Fish

8643 ton